Important Constitutional Powers of Congress in the United States

Powers of Congress

Congress forms a significant part of the United States legislation in the United States which  is responsible for making important decisions. The Congress or any other party of the United States follows the constitution, created in 1789, with the legislative branch as the most innovative one. The founders of Congress intended the party to have powers more significant than the President and the Supreme Court. However, the federal system of government in the United States prevents Congress from having the ultimate power, and every party should follow the constitution.

The congress party of the United States comprises the two:

  • The house of representatives called the upper house
  • The Senate called the lower house

Both these houses follow a lot of roles and responsibilities and some of which are mentioned below in this article:

Constitutional powers

The constitution grants special powers to the members of Congress and the legislative assembly in an authoritative tone so that they can make important decisions related to its execution. The members utilize their constitutional powers to execute a proposed bill or law. Both bodies share these constitutional powers for the following:

  • Knowing about coin money
  • The rules of immigration
  • Establishing federal courts
  • Declaring wars

The constitution also provides different, exclusive powers separately to the House of Representatives, such as:

Constitutional powers

  • Revenue bills: These must originate in the lower house or the house of representatives. Although this was strong, it has blurred over the years in both houses. This also includes the possible tax cuts in different executive branches.
  • Impeachment Power: Impeachment is the removal of a president from their authority and power when there is a wrongdoing in the house. With a simple majority, a President can be impeached from his position.

The different powers given to the Senate include the following:

  • Advance and consent: The Senate is responsible for taking up primary presidential appointments and confirming their passing as the bill. After a majority vote by the deferral judges, the ambassadors and the other cabinet ministers take advice from the Senate on further appointments.
  • Treaties:A two-thirds majority in the Senate must approve the plans for treaties with other nations. This is another provision for checks and illustrations, which will have essential restrictions on policies and presidential powers.
  • Impeachment trial:This occurs in the Senate. If the whole house votes to impeach the President or the elected official, a hearing about the topic is held in the Senate. When there is a two-thirds majority, the individual is removed. It is similar to the presidential impeachment but with different officials.

Difference between the powers of the House and Senate


  • It initiates all the revenue bills
  • Initiated all the impeachment procedures
  • Elected for a term of 2 years
  • 435 members


  • Confirm all presidential appointments
  • Impeachment of officials
  • Elected for a term of 6 years
  • 100 members
Important Constitutional Powers of Congress in the United States

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